Diet, Allergy & Reflux

On this page I’m going to attempt to pull together all of the information we have on diet, allergy, intolerances and gastric reflux disease. Some infants presenting with signs of gastric reflux may have their symptoms relieved entirely by changing their diet but, the majority will still need medications to control their gastric reflux. However, it is my experience that if there is a food allergy present, it is impossible to gain good control of gastric reflux disease with medication alone.

If there is a history of any allergy (including hay fever) in either parent there is an increased risk that their children will have allergies and if both parents have allergies this is further increased to 50-60%. Even in a non-allergic family there is a 5-15% risk of allergies.

Studies have shown that about one third of infants with gastric reflux disease will have a cow’s milk protein allergy or intolerance.1 Skin prick or blood RAST testing will often not pick up this “gastrointestinal” food allergy as it may be a delayed reaction, and is best diagnosed by an elimination diet and challenge. This involves removing dairy from the mother’s diet if breastfed or a trial of a non-cow’s milk based formula. A trial of a dairy free diet is in fact the first recommendation on our treatment guidelines: GORD and Managing Uncomplicated Reflux. Some parents have found that unproven forms of testing such as Kinesiology have helped them to remove offending foods. GRSNNZ doesn’t endorse these and would recommend that limited diets also be supervised by a dietician, that a medically qualified health professional (paediatrician, allergist, immunologist etc) be involved and if appropriate the foods be challenged after a suitable time lapse.

Cow’s milk protein allergy should not be confused with lactose intolerance. Breast milk always contains lactose even if the mother is on a strict dairy free, lactose free diet so a baby who responds to a change in their mother’s diet, does not have a lactose intolerance. Lactose Intolerance vs Milk Protein Allergy

For more information on infant feeding options: Infant Feeding and Food and Reflux

Solids should be introduced around six months of age.2 In addition to this we recommend that gluten not be introduced into the diet until around one year of age. See Gluten can cause gastro-oesophageal reflux disease! for more information on gluten. Good first foods that are less likely to cause a reaction include plain baby rice (please check the ingredients as some brands of baby cereal contain milk products), kumara and pumpkin. Taking the introduction of solids slowly should allow you to work out which foods cause problems.

If you have further questions try our site search or contact us.

Bibliography:
Allergy Today Spring 2006 ( page 48 )
Crying Over Spilt Milk Survey December 2006
http://www.allergyclinic.co.nz/
Allergy Today Summer 2006/07 ( page 8 )
References:
1 Gastroesophageal reflux and cow’s milk allergy in infants: A prospective study. URL:http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=3022081. Accessed: 2010-08-21. (Archived by WebCite® at http://www.webcitation.org/5sA3Q7aKH )
2 Ministry of Health. Starting Solids. URL: http://www.healthed.govt.nz/uploads/docs/HE6014.pdf Accessed:21/08/2010

 

Written by Roslyn Ballantyne (RN), National Coordinator for © Crying Over Spilt Milk Gastric Reflux Support Network New Zealand for Parents of Infants and Children Charitable Trust December 2006. Last updated August 2014.

Page may be printed or reproduced for personal use of families, as long as copyright and Crying Over Spilt Milk‘s URL are included. It may not be copied to other websites or publications without permission and acknowledgement.

  • Here is a new post to our page:

    Hello to All the Mum's.. Soo glad i found this page.. Have a 16 month old lil baby boy who has very bad reflux.. He throws up 90% of what he eats.. Im at my wits end.. Wana just burst into tears when he throws up now.. He hates any thing on his tongue.. Eg.. If he drinks milk or eats something and while playing has to get a lil piece of hair or fluff in his mouth.. He gets nauseous and throws up EVERYTHING!! Has anyone experienced this? Paed had put him on Nexiam 2 weeks ago but no improvement since.. Pls help me💔

  • Hello to All the Mum's.. Soo glad i found this page.. Have a 16 month old lil baby boy who has very bad reflux.. He throws up 90% of what he eats.. Im at my wits end.. Wana just burst into tears when he throws up now.. He hates any thing on his tongue.. Eg.. If he drinks milk or eats something and while playing has to get a lil piece of hair or fluff in his mouth.. He gets nauseous and throws up EVERYTHING!! Has anyone experienced this? Paed had put him on Nexiam 2 weeks ago but no improvement since.. Pls help me💔

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  • Hi there. Posting from the UK. Wanted to share our story to gain some more insight. We've had a really tough time. My first baby is 8 + weeks now and we've had no end of issues. She was tongue tied..snipped...but latch still a problem. She is mostly breastfed but using nipple shields. Occasional top up when i can't tolerate feeding her. She feeds or wants to feed constantly. Thought it was hunger but no different after a bottle of formula. Anyway...a friend mentioned she could have silent reflux...symptoms are constant feeding hand sucking...back arching fussing through feeds like she wants it but doesn't too. Struggles to sleep although sooo tired. Falls asleep on boob but wakes immediately after. Hiccups a lot. Sneezes a lot. Crys after feeds...weight has been slow to gain tho. Prescribed infant gaviscon...any experiences of this and is it likely to make her constipated if mostly breastfed?! Worried it feels like trial and error at her expense. She's so unsettled and we are really struggling....opinions welcome :)

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