Probiotics

What are Probiotics?

Probiotics are good bacteria which have benefits in our digestive system. They can be found in yoghurts but are present in higher doses in Probiotic supplements.

REASONS WHY PROBIOTICS MAY IMPROVE HEALTH IN PEOPLE WITH REFLUX

  • Medications that alter the acidity of the gut may allow the overgrowth of bad bacteria. (4) These include Ranitidine and Omeprazole. If this results in an upset stomach (wind, diarrhoea, constipation, nausea etc), replenishing good bacteria may help with these symptoms. However, more recent studies have not found the same associations. (5)
  • Good bacteria in the gut also helps protect against gastrointestinal infection. (6)
  • Antibiotics destroy all bacteria – not just the ones that were causing an infection. This can also lead to an increase in reflux symptoms as well as diarrhoea. Adding a probiotic may decrease side-effects and speed recovery. Make sure that you separate probiotic and antiboitic doses by at least two hours, so that the antiobiotics don’t kill the probiotic organisms. (2), (3)
  • Thrush (an overgrowth of an organism called Candida albicans) may occur with antibiotics, diarrhoea or allergy. A probiotic should help this to clear more quickly along with an appropriate treatment.
  • Gut motility issues are common in those with gastric reflux and may even be the cause of reflux. The stomach may not empty fast enough and so is full for longer allowing reflux to continue. This problem may be present throughout the gut and also present as constipation. Probiotics promote good motility. (7)

OTHER ACTIONS

    • Aid digestion
    • Produce several vitamins
    • Support immune function

Probiotic links:

PROBIOTICS AVAILABLE IN NEW ZEALAND

  • Blackmores Acidophilus Bifidus http://www.blackmores.com.au/products/acidophilus-bifidus “A minimum of 1 billion organisms made up of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium animalis” per capsule. Suitable for 2 year olds to adults. Children under 2 years, Only as professionally prescribed. Refrigerate after opening.
    Other ingredients: Hard gelatin capsule containing an off-white powder
    90 capsules for $31.25 (plus p&p) on www.pharmacydirect.co.nz May 2013.
    Should be available around New Zealand in Health Stores, Pharmacies or Supermarkets. Use the link above to find a store near you.
  • Clinicians MultiFlora - http://www.clinicians.co.nz/index.cfm/PageID/101/ProductID/1154/ViewProduct/MultiFlora Active ingredients in 1 capsule
    No less than 7 billion CFU consisting of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG 3.5  billion  CFU and Bifidobacterium animalis BB-12 3.5  billion CFU.  May contain traces of dairy.  “New improved formula. Now contains two of the most studied and scientifically researched probiotics in the world (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium animalis BB-12).Doesn’t require refrigeration. You don’t need to keep it in the fridge because the specialised manufacturing and the new blister pack format allows the probiotics to be stable in room temperature environments. Survives stomach and bile acids. The probiotics can safely reach the small intestine and bowel where they are most effective. Vegetable capsules. The specialised capsule enhances stability of the probiotics and is also suitable for vegetarians. Ideal for infants, children and adults. Special new strains are suited to all age groups.”
  • Inner Health for Kids -http://www.ethicalnutrients.com.au/content/products/inner-health-kids Each 1.7 g (1/3 metric teaspoon) dose contains: 6 billion Lactobacillus rhamnosus (GG) organisms (LGG®) 3.75 billion Lactobacillus acidophilus (NCFM) organisms 3.75 billion Bifidobacterium lactis (Bi-07) organisms.
    Other ingredients: Glutamine, Zinc Sulfate monohydrate. Free from wheat, gluten, cereals, milk, eggs, starches, yeast and salt. Dairy free, Gluten free! Probiotic powder suitable for 3 month olds to 12 years. Requires refrigeration.
    $29.99 $26.50 (plus $4.95 p&p) www.pharmacydirect.co.nz January 2009. Available from Health Stores.
  • Kyo-Dophilus - http://www.kyolic.com/product/product/probiotics/capsules/kyo-dophilus-capsules/ Contains 1.5 billion Live Cells (L. acidophilus, B. bifidum, and B. longum) per capsule. 1/2 capsule twice daily for under four year olds. Contains a powder similar to the Primadophilus and can be sprinkled on food or mixed into drinks. Does not require refrigeration.
    Other ingredients: Gelatin, Potato Starch, Silica.
    Free of: Preservatives, Sugar, Sodium, Milk, Yeast, Gluten, Artificial Colours or Flavours.
    www.healthpost.co.nz $19.50 for 45 capsules and $36 for 45×2 (plus $3 p&p) January 2009. (Limited stock)
    www.pharmacydirect.co.nz $25.95 (plus $4.95 p&p) for 45 capsules and $38.95 for 90 January 2009.
    Available in Pharmacies and Health Food Stores.

  • Lactobac® Powder - http://www.nutritioncare.com.au/ Probiotic by Nutrition Care recommended as maybe more appropriate for children than Polybac 8. “A high potency blend of dairy free Lactobacillus rhamanosus and Bifidobacteria powder containing no less than 5 billion organisms per gram.” I’m not sure where this is available.
  • Metagenics Flora Care for Kids - Metagenics Flora Care for Kids contains Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG®), Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07.
    Requires refrigeration.
    I’m think this is only available through practitioners and don’t know the cost, dosage or which age group it is suitable for. I have emailed to ask if it is dairy and gluten free August 2009.

  • Nature’s Way Primadophilus® Children, Powder -http://www.healthpost.co.nz/supplements-and-natural-health/age-and-gender/childrens-health/childrens-basics/primadophilus-children-nwprc Nature’s Way Primadophilus® for children contains 3 billion microorganisms per teaspoon (Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, NutraFlora® scFOS (short-chain frutooligosaccharides), Rice maltodextrin, Silica, Vitamin C). May contain a minimal residual amount of dairy or soy protein.
    Suitable for children of all ages. Dissolves in food or drink. Requires refrigeration.
    Dosage is 1 teaspoon per day. www.healthpost.co.nz $36.50 (plus $3 p&p) at time of Listing.
    Available from pharmacies and health stores.

  • Nature’s Way Primadophilus® Kids Orange, 30 Chewable Tablets - Contains 3 billion CFUs. Ingredients: Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifodobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Sorbitol, Cellulose, Rice maltodextrin, Citric acid, Magnesium stearate, Turmeric, Natural orange flavour, Vanilla flavour, Ascorbic acid. May contain a minimal residual amount of dairy or soy protein.
    Suitable for children aged 2 to 12. Requires refrigeration.
    Dosage is one tablet daily. www.healthpost.co.nz $21.50 (plus $3 p&p) at time of Listing. Should be available in health stores and pharmacies.
  • Nature’s Way Primadophilus Reuteri Powder - Ingredients per 5ml: 50mg Proprietary Blend of Bacterial cultures – Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus Reuteri & Lactobacillus acidophilus (providing 3 billion CFU), NutraFlora scFOS 1.8g, Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 4mg. Other ingredients: potato starch, silica. May contain a minimal residual amount of dairy or soy protein.
    Dosage: Children under 2 years of age, give 1/2 teaspoon (1.5 grams) daily between meals. Children 2 years of age and older give 1 teaspoon (3 grams) daily between meals.www.pharmacydirect.co.nz $33.95 (plus $4.95 p&p) January 2009. Should be available in health stores.
  • Polybac 8™ Powder - http://www.nutritioncare.com.au/index.php/products don’t have a lot of details on this probiotic or where it is available other than to patients of Dr Rodney Ford. Ingredients: probiotic microorganisms, microcrystalline cellulose, vitamin C. hypoallergenic

This may not be a complete list of the probiotic supplements available. If you have found others that have been beneficial, please let me know. Yogurts also contain some probiotics but often are not potent enough to have the required effect.

References:
http://www.medsafe.govt.nz/profs/Datasheet/l/Loseccap.pdf
Radiance Pro-B Antibiotic Support - www.healthandhertbs.co.nz
http://www.livestrong.com/article/290035-how-to-use-probiotics-with-antibiotics/
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/754326 - The Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors and Increased Susceptibility to Enteric Infection
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/759169 - Large Study Fails to Link PPI Therapy to Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth
http://www.dms.ufsc.br/mip7013/arquivos/2550_Gut%20flora%20in%20health%20and%20disease.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3155417/ - Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Gut Microbiota and Probiotics

 

Written by Roslyn Ballantyne (RN), National Coordinator for © Crying Over Spilt Milk Gastric Reflux Support Network New Zealand for Parents of Infants and Children Charitable Trust May 2007. Last updated July 2014.

Page may be printed or reproduced for personal use of families, as long as copyright and Crying Over Spilt Milk’s URL are included. It may not be copied to other websites or publications without permission and acknowledgement.

  • A Good News Story ... http://www.cryingoverspiltmilk.co.nz/his-gastric-reflux-stopped/

    Click for fullsize photo

    Hi Roslyn, Thanks for the updates over the past several months. I am leaving the group as my little boy no longer suffers from gastric reflux and is also no longer dairy intolerant! FYI he was on Neocate from 3 months old and had a combination of formula and my milk until he was 7.5 months. ...

  • Hi. My boy is 6.5 wks. He started screaming at 3 wks. Became unsettled for periods of up to nearly 12hrs without sleep. He's been on formula as my milk never came in. He gets about 100-200 ml breastmilk /dy I pump. He started spilling/vomiting a lot at 4.5wks old.started losec 9 dys ago-frm GP. Saw paediatriciAn 4 dys ago and started amino acid formula to check for CMA. I feel things improved a bit about 4 dys after losec started. Also he seemed great once on th amino acid formula but thn yesterday was his old really bad self - fussed all day 10am-4pm thn really distressed n frantic 4-9pm. He's been ok today.i also started adding karicare thickener 2 dys ago. His first poo day after starting amino acid formula was soft n ok but I thnk he might b constipated with th thickener. He really had to push to get yesterday's out n was very sticky. Anyone else experience this? What do you do? I've heard lactulose and prune juice etc can make reflux/ wind worse. I thought about halving th amt thickener I'm using.also his vomiting better on th new formula I think but still occasional. He vomited Sunday night n mayb brought th losec up- could 1 missed dose like thts make him bad th next day like he was? Any opinions greatly appreciated

  • Please consider joining Gastric Reflux Support Network NZ for Parents of Infants and Children Charitable Trust for access to our Newsletters and Private Local and National Support Networks: http://www.reflux.cryingoverspiltmilk.co.nz/grsnnz-membership-confidentiality-agreement-form/ Membership is free, and this gives you opportunities to discuss gastric reflux related issues with others in a safe and confidential setting. If you have completed a membership form previously, but never received anything further, please message me (Roslyn Ballantyne at https://www.facebook.com/roslyn.ballantyne.rn ) or comment below. The membership sign-up had been a double opt-in with a confirmation email, but as some people have had trouble with this, I've now changed it to a single opt-in. (I do still need to process applications and add you manually to your Local Support Networks though.)

    Click for fullsize photo

    Gastric Reflux Support Network NZ for Parents of Infants & Children Charitable Trust Membership & Confidentiality Agreement Form / Newsletter Admin PageFirst NameLast nameEmailStreet AddressCity/TownAreaPostcodeDo you live in NZ?Country and Area if not NZHome Phone (include area code)Partner's NameE…

  • Hi I'm a bit confused. I filled out th membership form on th cryingspiltmilk main page. Do I need to do anything else? I see there's a forum somewhere else - kiwi health or something? Or do I just post n use this Facebook page? I'm thnking you hav th older site but most people jst use this Facebook page now yeah? Ta :) I hav a 6 wks old beautiful boy who has been in so much pain been breaking my heart but I'm jst getting things in motion now to help I thnk. Saw paediatriciAn few dys ago n hav started losec gaviscon mylanta and amino acid formula with karicare thickener

  • Hiya, I'm starting to introduce solids to my almost 6 month old and just wondering if there are any foods that any of you have found to be better than others and which ones to avoid? TIA. :-)

  • Other information here: http://www.lalecheleague.org.nz/news-a-events/lllnz-conference-2014/312-lllnz-50th-anniversary-conference-2014

    Click for fullsize photo

  • Anyone want to help? I know you all have plenty to say. ;-)

    Click for fullsize photo

    And just in case you missed the post and the opportunity to help others through.........In five words, no more no less, share some inspirational advice to parents that are struggling with a newborn suffering from colic, reflux and inconsolable crying. If there are enough submissions I will post these on my website and perhaps in my book - Prevent and Remedy Colic, Reflux, Lactose and Dairy Overload Naturally - which is off to the proof readers this week!! http://www.naturalwinding.com/book/

  • A new story: http://www.cryingoverspiltmilk.co.nz/ryans-story-of-reflux-and-christinas-story-of-pnd/ Thank you, Christina.

    Click for fullsize photo

    I don’t really know where to begin with my story of Ryan and his reflux, and me with Post Natal Depression. I used to feel very sad thinking of all the precious time that was robbed from us. I loved Ryan from the moment I saw him, and he was a dream baby up until two weeks of age. ...

  • Hi my 7 week old, breastfed baby started showing signs of reflux recently so I went to the GP and was prescribed Gaviscon sachets. I'm having trouble giving it to her, but it seems to be working. She usually goes poos after every feed but since starting the Gaviscon (monday) she has only been once. She strains and cries. Not sure what i safe to give her to help as she is so young? Thanks

  • Hi there My 8 week old boy is formula fed and is now trialing gaviscon for his silent reflux, already I feel like it is making a difference but I am worried about the possible constipation the gaviscon may cause...how do you parents relieve constipation in young babies? I know about the cooled boiled water but are there any other remedies that are worth knowing about? Or tricks that can maybe help avoid constipation?

  • Hi, would you say it's a reflux symptom to bring up small vomits between feeds? Like an hour or so after eating? I keep being told that's normal, but it doesn't feel normal? My baby is only 4 weeks old though, so it's hard to me to tell what's normal and what isn't.

  • Hi, my 10 week old is trialling gaviscon to see if it helps with her (potential) reflux. She isnt a miserable baby, but she does scream if I put her down in the daytime, she has a persistent cough, a husky voice (this developed over the last week), and she spills even hours after a feed. Does this sound like reflux? If so, how do I get her to keep the gaviscon down? It says to give it to her after a feed, but she vomits straight after a feed...also is it worth going dairy free to see if this helps? Finding the spilling and coughing and husky voice quite upsetting, it must be horrible for her :(